Doors and windows A door provides a connecting link between rooms, allowing easy free movement in the building. Window are opening provided in walls. Doors and windows provide lighting and ventilation. The provide resistance to weather, sound and heat. They provide security and privacy Sizes of Doors
For Residential Area
Internal doors 0.9 x 2.0 m
External doors 1.2 x 2 m
Door for bath and w.c. 0.75 x 2.0 m
Width 1.5, 2.0, 2.5 m
Depth or height 2.0 m, 2.5 m
Drawing of frames of doors, window
Types of Doors
- Battened and ledge door
- Battened and braced door
- Battened and framed door
- Battened, ledge, and framed door
- Framed and paneled door
- Glazed doo
- Flush door
- Louvered door
- Wire gauged door
- Revolving door
- Sliding door
- Swing door
- Collapsible steel door
- Rolling shutter door
- Mild steel sheet door
- Hollow metal door
- PVC door
Battened and ledge door
Battened and edged doors are the simplest form of doors and are in use since ages. Such doors consist of vertical wooden battens of the height of the door with about 35 mm thicknesses which are usually tongue and groove jointed. Usually three ledges (horizontal members) are provided, one each at the top and bottom and one in the middle.
Battened, ledged and braced doors:
To make more rigid, braces are provided diagonally in additional to battens and ledges as shown in figure up. Braces are having 100-150mm width and 25-30mm thickness preferable. Braces should place upwards from handing side, then they acts as struts and take compression. These types of doors can be used for wider openings.
Battened, ledged and framed doors
For the simple battened and ledged door, frame work is provided in the form of two verticals, known as stiles. Stiles are generally 100mm wide and as far as thickness is concerned, the thickness of stile should be equal to the combined thickness of ledge and batten Preferably 40 mm
Framed and paneled door
These are very strong and will give good appearance when compared to battened doors. These are the widely used doors in almost all types of buildings. Stiles, vertical members and rails, horizontal members are grooved along the inner edges of frame to receive the panels. The panels are made up of timber or plywood or A.0 sheets or glass.
Glazed doors are generally provided in interior wall openings or in hospitals, college etc. The interior of room is visible through glazed doors and light also passes through glazed portion of the door. These may be fully glazed or partly glazed and partly paneled. Glass panels are provided for glazed doors.
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